The methods of cyber criminals evolve just as fast as technology does. Learn about the 5 methods hackers rely on when conducting cyber crime.
Step 1. Total Recon
In the reconnaissance phase, hackers launch a preliminary attack phase which involves gathering, identifying, and recording information about a target. In using the “Social Engineering,” technique, hackers manipulate or coerce key employees to give up private, valuable information.
Step 2. Scanning & Enumeration
Scanning and Enumeration is another pre-attack phase, where novice hackers employ vulnerability scanners to search for holes in your network. Fortunately, these applications are generally unreliable hacking tools and generate a massive amount of detectable network traffic – leaving breadcrumbs jeopardizing hackers exposure.
Step 3. Infiltration
After the pre-attack phases, an opportune window presents itself, ideal for the introduction of a a network intruder. This intruder breaks and enters, penetrating weaknesses in your web server software and spreading damage from system to system. The amount of collateral damage is subjective to the skill level of hackers and the quality of the network’s infrastructure.
Step 4. Privilege-Escalation
Privilege Escalation occurs when Cyber Criminals obtain access to more resources or functionality than normal. This is how they keep control, and often goes unnoticed by genuine administrators and/or the user base.
Step 5. Control
A rootkit is a surreptitious, discreet software tool enabling a script specialist to hide their presence and remain in command. Detecting the presence of a rootkit is demanding and cumbersome – but it’s not impossible. One can search for a rootkit in various methods, by scanning for signatures or analyse a memory dump, for example. The only other option is to rebuild your entire system from scratch.